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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:18:40 UTC
Update Date2020-03-18 18:12:20 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0000030
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00030
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBiotin
DescriptionBiotin, also known as D-biotin or biotin ratiopharm, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as biotin and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing a ureido (tetrahydroimidizalone) ring fused with a tetrahydrothiophene ring. Biotin is a drug which is used for nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance. Biotin exists as a solid, possibly soluble (in water), and an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa) molecule. Biotin exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. In cattle, biotin is involved in the metabolic pathway called the biotin metabolism pathway. Biotin is a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+)-cis-Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4]imidazole-4-valeric acidChEBI
(3AS,4S,6ar)-hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-valeric acidChEBI
5-(2-Oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazol-4-yl)pentanoic acidChEBI
BiotinaChEBI
BiotineChEBI
BiotinumChEBI
cis-(+)-Tetrahydro-2-oxothieno[3,4]imidazoline-4-valeric acidChEBI
cis-Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno(3,4)imidazole-4-valeric acidChEBI
cis-Tetrahydro-2-oxothieno(3,4-D)imidazoline-4-valeric acidChEBI
Coenzyme RChEBI
D-(+)-BiotinChEBI
D-BiotinChEBI
Vitamin b7ChEBI
Vitamin HChEBI
BioepidermKegg
(+)-cis-Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4]imidazole-4-valerateGenerator
(3AS,4S,6ar)-hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-valerateGenerator
5-(2-Oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazol-4-yl)pentanoateGenerator
cis-(+)-Tetrahydro-2-oxothieno[3,4]imidazoline-4-valerateGenerator
cis-Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno(3,4)imidazole-4-valerateGenerator
cis-Tetrahydro-2-oxothieno(3,4-D)imidazoline-4-valerateGenerator
(+)-BiotinHMDB
-(+)-BiotinHMDB
1SWKHMDB
1SWNHMDB
1SWRHMDB
BiodermatinHMDB
Bios HHMDB
Bios IIHMDB
D(+)-BiotinHMDB
D-Biotin factor SHMDB
delta-(+)-BiotinHMDB
delta-BiotinHMDB
delta-Biotin factor SHMDB
Factor SHMDB
Factor S (vitamin)HMDB
Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno(3,4-D)imidazole-4-pentanoateHMDB
Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno(3,4-D)imidazole-4-pentanoic acidHMDB
Hexahydro-2-oxo-[3as-(3aa,4b,6aa)]-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-pentanoateHMDB
Hexahydro-2-oxo-[3as-(3aa,4b,6aa)]-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-pentanoic acidHMDB
Hexahydro-2-oxo-[3as-(3alpha,4beta,6alpha)]-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-pentanoateHMDB
Hexahydro-2-oxo-[3as-(3alpha,4beta,6alpha)]-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-pentanoic acidHMDB
Lutavit H2HMDB
MeribinHMDB
Rovimix H 2HMDB
Vitamin-HHMDB
Biotin hermes brandHMDB
Biotin roche brandHMDB
Biotin simons brandHMDB
Biotin strathmann brandHMDB
Biotin ziethen brandHMDB
Biotin ratiopharmHMDB
Roche brand OF biotinHMDB
Roche, biotineHMDB
E+b pharma brand OF biotinHMDB
MedobiotinHMDB
BiokurHMDB
BiotinratiopharmHMDB
Gelfert, biotinHMDB
Hermes brand OF biotinHMDB
Hermes, biotinHMDB
Medopharm brand OF biotinHMDB
Ratiopharm brand OF biotinHMDB
Biocur brand OF biotinHMDB
Biotin dermapharm brandHMDB
Biotine rocheHMDB
DeacuraHMDB
Dermapharm brand OF biotinHMDB
GabunatHMDB
MedebiotinHMDB
RombellinHMDB
Ziethen brand OF biotinHMDB
Biotin biocur brandHMDB
Biotin gelfertHMDB
Biotin hermesHMDB
Biotin medopharm brandHMDB
Biotin ratiopharm brandHMDB
Biotin-ratiopharmHMDB
H, VitaminHMDB
Medea brand OF biotin sodium saltHMDB
Simons brand OF biotinHMDB
Strathmann brand OF biotinHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H16N2O3S
Average Molecular Weight244.311
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight244.088163078
IUPAC Name5-[(3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxo-hexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl]pentanoic acid
Traditional Name5-[(3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxo-hexahydrothieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl]pentanoic acid
CAS Registry Number58-85-5
SMILES
[H][C@]12CS[C@@H](CCCCC(O)=O)[C@@]1([H])NC(=O)N2
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H16N2O3S/c13-8(14)4-2-1-3-7-9-6(5-16-7)11-10(15)12-9/h6-7,9H,1-5H2,(H,13,14)(H2,11,12,15)/t6-,7-,9-/m0/s1
InChI KeyYBJHBAHKTGYVGT-ZKWXMUAHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as biotin and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing a ureido (tetrahydroimidizalone) ring fused with a tetrahydrothiophene ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassBiotin and derivatives
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentBiotin and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Biotin
  • Imidazolyl carboxylic acid derivative
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Heterocyclic fatty acid
  • Thia fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Thiolane
  • 2-imidazoline
  • Isourea
  • Azacycle
  • Dialkylthioether
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Carboximidamide
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Thioether
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point232 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.22 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP0.17ALOGPS
logP0.32ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.4ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area78.43 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity60.05 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability24.92 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0f76-1960000000-b21ddd69490cac3254f8View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0f76-3960000000-a8a94e2de123f66979d8View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0f76-1960000000-b21ddd69490cac3254f8View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0f76-3960000000-a8a94e2de123f66979d8View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-6910000000-11bfe0a5a77f7dfaa8c5View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dl-9680000000-eb01d8147a82f7982b54View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0090000000-6d956bb533d353d449c9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-0190000000-01f67d1bdf8c742e48c8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0fxx-3920000000-f0b9613cbd9371e4be92View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9400000000-107f2a44f521c2513578View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-1a3f65d909dc40055e87View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-004i-0090000000-c928e8d0a18f3f848262View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-066s-1920000000-5f795e0b7f1d7cf986e5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-0ar1-1920000000-c298be862857cb3bbc7fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-000t-0900000000-cdc4a4c359ff765fd32dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-05xs-1920000000-3be430b63e9c748c681aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0006-0090000000-bcffb0dcf77e8fd727a4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0f6x-0390000000-c209523d36e9a7681f44View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-0090000000-c0f81ee86772310db415View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-0190000000-016eb89528e564c74720View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0fxx-3920000000-f0b9613cbd9371e4be92View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9400000000-107f2a44f521c2513578View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-d08e1b3709844e1e91b0View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , negativesplash10-0006-0190000000-21d0f2512788276bbb89View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0udj-0690000000-dc372934024e58bdcc60View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-002b-0290000000-43932f104dea28cbdfb8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0002-1960000000-d3673c6bc624b97f35beView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052f-9600000000-00a4e152d89024a9b423View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-1390000000-3f4b512cfa57b894ff94View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0f6y-7890000000-ea1e647fc5b31e42af0bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9100000000-e139c928dcc46b225bdbView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-01pt-9500000000-a1e1ec56cf32236ac6b1View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Milk
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Alanine MetabolismSMP0087164Not Available
Ammonia RecyclingSMP0087177Not Available
Biotin MetabolismSMP0087183Not Available
Citric Acid CycleSMP0087163Not Available
Fatty Acid BiosynthesisSMP0087257Not Available
GluconeogenesisSMP0087223Not Available
Glutamate MetabolismSMP0087169Not Available
LPS and Citrate Signaling and InflammationSMP0120946Not Available
Propanoate MetabolismSMP0087248Not Available
Pyruvate MetabolismSMP0087231Not Available
Threonine and 2-Oxobutanoate DegradationSMP0087262Not Available
Transfer of Acetyl Groups into MitochondriaSMP0087254Not Available
Valine, Leucine, and Isoleucine DegradationSMP0087234Not Available
Warburg EffectSMP0087270Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
MilkDetected and Quantified0.041 uMNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
    • Park, Y. W; Juáre...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.080 +/- 0.003 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.097 +/- 0.004 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.090 +/- 0.003 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.090 +/- 0.002 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.086 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.041 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.082 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.078 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.082 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.082 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.064 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.041 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00121
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB014510
KNApSAcK IDC00000756
Chemspider ID149962
KEGG Compound IDC00120
BioCyc IDBIOTIN
BiGG ID33931
Wikipedia LinkBiotin
METLIN ID243
PubChem Compound171548
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15956
References
Synthesis ReferenceCorey, E. J.; Mehrotra, Mukund M. A simple and enantioselective synthesis of (+)-biotin. Tetrahedron Letters (1988), 29(1), 57-60.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Park, Y. W; Juárez, Manuela ; Ramos, M.; Haenlein, G. F. W. (2007). Park, Y. W; Juárez, Manuela ; Ramos, M.; Haenlein, G. F. W.. Physico-chemical characteristics of goat and sheep milk. Small Ruminant Res.(2007) 68:88-113 doi: 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2006.09.013. Small Ruminant Research.
  2. A. Foroutan et al. (2019). A. Foroutan et al. The Chemical Composition of Commercial Cow's Milk (in preparation). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
  3. Fooddata+, The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) [Link]

Enzymes

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Catalyzes the rate-limiting reaction in the biogenesis of long-chain fatty acids. Carries out three functions: biotin carboxyl carrier protein, biotin carboxylase and carboxyltransferase.
Gene Name:
ACACA
Uniprot ID:
Q9TTS3
Molecular weight:
265303.0
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Pyruvate carboxylase catalyzes a 2-step reaction, involving the ATP-dependent carboxylation of the covalently attached biotin in the first step and the transfer of the carboxyl group to pyruvate in the second. Catalyzes in a tissue specific manner, the initial reactions of glucose (liver, kidney) and lipid (adipose tissue, liver, brain) synthesis from pyruvate (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PC
Uniprot ID:
Q29RK2
Molecular weight:
129698.0
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q861T5
Molecular weight:
16309.0
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PCCA
Uniprot ID:
A4FV90
Molecular weight:
81718.0
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
acacb
Uniprot ID:
Q50I03
Molecular weight:
42349.0
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
acacb
Uniprot ID:
Q50I04
Molecular weight:
23669.0