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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:18:32 UTC
Update Date2020-06-04 20:37:20 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0000020
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00020
Metabolite Identification
Common Namep-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid
Description4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid, also known as (p-hydroxyphenyl)acetate or 4-hydroxybenzeneacetate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoids. These are phenols that are unsubstituted at the 2-position. 4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid exists as a solid, possibly soluble (in water), and an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa) molecule. 4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. 4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid is a potentially toxic compound. 4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid has been found to be associated with several diseases known as lung cancer, crohn's disease, spina bifida, and epilepsy; also 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid has been linked to the inborn metabolic disorders including phenylketonuria.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(p-Hydroxyphenyl)acetic acidChEBI
4-CarboxymethylphenolChEBI
4-Hydroxybenzeneacetic acidChEBI
4-HydroxyphenylacetateChEBI
4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acidKegg
(p-Hydroxyphenyl)acetateGenerator
4-HydroxybenzeneacetateGenerator
p-HydroxyphenylacetateGenerator
(4-Hydroxy-phenyl)-acetateHMDB
(4-Hydroxy-phenyl)-acetic acidHMDB
(4-Hydroxy-phenyl)-essigsaeureHMDB
(4-Hydroxyphenyl)acetateHMDB
(4-Hydroxyphenyl)acetic acidHMDB
(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-acetateHMDB
(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-acetic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxy-benzeneacetateHMDB
4-Hydroxy-benzeneacetic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxyphenyl-acetic acidHMDB
Parahydroxy phenylacetateHMDB
Parahydroxy phenylacetic acidHMDB
ParahydroxyphenylacetateHMDB
Para-hydroxyphenylacetic acidHMDB
p-Hydroxyphenylacetic acidChEBI
4'-Hydroxyphenylacetic acidHMDB
2-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)acetic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC8H8O3
Average Molecular Weight152.1473
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight152.047344122
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number156-38-7
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C8H8O3/c9-7-3-1-6(2-4-7)5-8(10)11/h1-4,9H,5H2,(H,10,11)
InChI KeyXQXPVVBIMDBYFF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoids. These are phenols that are unsubstituted at the 2-position.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassPhenols
Sub Class1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoids
Direct Parent1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Exogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point148 - 150 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility60.7 mg/mLNot Available
LogP0.75HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biospecimen Locations
  • Bladder
  • Epidermis
  • Kidney
  • Milk
  • Prostate Tissue
  • Ruminal Fluid
  • Urine
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BladderExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
EpidermisExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
KidneyExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Prostate TissueExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified78510 +/- 12590 uMNot SpecifiedBothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0000020
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound ID573
FooDB IDFDB010534
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID124
KEGG Compound IDC00642
BioCyc ID4-HYDROXYPHENYLACETATE
BiGG ID35599
Wikipedia Link4-hydroxyphenylacetic_acid
METLIN ID130
PubChem Compound127
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID18101
References
Synthesis ReferenceQiao, Xi-long; Tian, Hui; Li, Wen; Zhao, Xiu-yun; Zhang, Jin-fang. Study of 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid synthesis from glyoxalic acid. Hebei Gongye Keji (2005), 22(5), 264-266.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Mung D, Li L: Development of Chemical Isotope Labeling LC-MS for Milk Metabolomics: Comprehensive and Quantitative Profiling of the Amine/Phenol Submetabolome. Anal Chem. 2017 Apr 18;89(8):4435-4443. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b03737. Epub 2017 Mar 28. [PubMed:28306241 ]
  2. Mung D, Li L: Applying quantitative metabolomics based on chemical isotope labeling LC-MS for detecting potential milk adulterant in human milk. Anal Chim Acta. 2018 Feb 25;1001:78-85. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.019. Epub 2017 Nov 14. [PubMed:29291809 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Energy production and conversion
Specific function:
Oxidizes medium and long chain saturated and unsaturated aldehydes. Metabolizes also benzaldehyde. Low activity towards acetaldehyde and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetaldehyde. May not metabolize short chain aldehydes. Can use both NADP(+) and NAD(+) as electron acceptor. May have a protective role against the cytotoxicity induced by lipid peroxidation.
Gene Name:
ALDH3B1
Uniprot ID:
Q1JPA0
Molecular weight:
51800.0
Reactions
Homovanillin + NADP + Water → p-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid + NADPHdetails