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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:18:46 UTC
Update Date2020-05-11 20:35:12 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0000036
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00036
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTaurocholic acid
DescriptionTaurocholic acid, also known as taurocholate or choloyl-taurine, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as trihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. These are prenol lipids structurally characterized by a bile acid or alcohol which bears three hydroxyl groups. Taurocholic acid is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholanic acid 24-taurineChEBI
Cholic acid taurine conjugateChEBI
Choloyl-taurineChEBI
CholyltaurineChEBI
N-CholoyltaurineChEBI
TaurocholateChEBI
3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholanate 24-taurineGenerator
3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholanic acid 24-taurineGenerator
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholanate 24-taurineGenerator
3Α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholanate 24-taurineGenerator
3Α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholanic acid 24-taurineGenerator
Cholate taurine conjugateGenerator
Cholic acid taurine conjugic acidGenerator
Cholaic acidHMDB
CholaateHMDB
Taurine cholateHMDB
Taurocholic acid, (7 beta)-isomerHMDB
Taurocholic acid, (5 alpha)-isomerHMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H45NO7S
Average Molecular Weight515.703
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight515.291673489
IUPAC Name2-[(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7S,9R,10R,11S,14R,15R,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]ethane-1-sulfonic acid
Traditional Name2-[(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7S,9R,10R,11S,14R,15R,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]ethanesulfonic acid
CAS Registry Number81-24-3
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(CC[C@@]2([H])[C@]3([H])[C@H](O)C[C@]4([H])C[C@H](O)CC[C@]4(C)[C@@]3([H])C[C@H](O)[C@]12C)[C@H](C)CCC(=O)NCCS(O)(=O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H45NO7S/c1-15(4-7-23(31)27-10-11-35(32,33)34)18-5-6-19-24-20(14-22(30)26(18,19)3)25(2)9-8-17(28)12-16(25)13-21(24)29/h15-22,24,28-30H,4-14H2,1-3H3,(H,27,31)(H,32,33,34)/t15-,16+,17-,18-,19+,20+,21-,22+,24+,25+,26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyWBWWGRHZICKQGZ-HZAMXZRMSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as trihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. These are prenol lipids structurally characterized by a bile acid or alcohol which bears three hydroxyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentTrihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Trihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 12-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Organic sulfonic acid or derivatives
  • Organosulfonic acid or derivatives
  • Organosulfonic acid
  • Sulfonyl
  • Alkanesulfonic acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Polyol
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Exogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cell membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Myelin sheath
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP0.79ALOGPS
logP-0.24ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-0.88ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.053ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area144.16 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity132.19 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability57.36 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cell membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Myelin sheath
Biospecimen Locations
  • Fibroblasts
  • Intestine
  • Liver
  • Neuron
  • Placenta
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FibroblastsExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
IntestineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
LiverDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
NeuronExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
PlacentaExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0000036
DrugBank IDDB04348
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB012335
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID6423
KEGG Compound IDC05122
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID45150
Wikipedia LinkTaurocholic_acid
METLIN ID5104
PubChem Compound6675
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28865
References
Synthesis ReferenceSchersten, Tore; Bjorntorp, Per; Ekdahi, Per H.; Bjorkerud, Soren. Synthesis of taurocholic and glycocholic acids by preparations of human liver. II. An analysis of the stimulating effect of the L fraction. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, General Subjects (1967), 141(1), 155-63.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available