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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:20:14 UTC
Update Date2020-04-22 15:02:10 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0000152
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00152
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGentisic acid
DescriptionGentisic acid, also known as gentisate or 2,5-dioxybenzoate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives. Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives are compounds containing a hydroxybenzoic acid (or a derivative), which is a benzene ring bearing a carboxyl and a hydroxyl groups. Gentisic acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Gentisic acid exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2,5-DihydroxybenzoateChEBI
5-Hydroxysalicylic acidChEBI
GentisateChEBI
Hydroquinonecarboxylic acidChEBI
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acidKegg
5-HydroxysalicylateGenerator
HydroquinonecarboxylateGenerator
2,5-DioxybenzoateHMDB
2,5-Dioxybenzoic acidHMDB
3,6-DihydroxybenzoateHMDB
3,6-Dihydroxybenzoic acidHMDB
5-Hydroxy-salicylateHMDB
5-Hydroxy-salicylic acidHMDB
CarboxyhydroquinoneHMDB
DihydroxybenzoicacidHMDB
GensigenHMDB
GensigonHMDB
GentisinateHMDB
Gentisinic acidHMDB
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid, monosodium saltHMDB
Lithium 2,5-dihydroxybenzoateHMDB
Gentisic acidChEBI
Hydroquinone carboxylic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC7H6O4
Average Molecular Weight154.121
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight154.026608673
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number490-79-9
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H6O4/c8-4-1-2-6(9)5(3-4)7(10)11/h1-3,8-9H,(H,10,11)
InChI KeyWXTMDXOMEHJXQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives. Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives are compounds containing a hydroxybenzoic acid (or a derivative), which is a benzene ring bearing a carboxyl and a hydroxyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzoic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentHydroxybenzoic acid derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Dihydroxybenzoic acid
  • Salicylic acid
  • Salicylic acid or derivatives
  • Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Benzoic acid
  • Benzoyl
  • Hydroquinone
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Vinylogous acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point199.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility5.0 mg/mL at 5 °CNot Available
LogP1.74SANGSTER (1994)
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biospecimen Locations
  • Urine
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0000152
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound ID416
FooDB IDFDB000844
KNApSAcK IDC00002648
Chemspider ID3350
KEGG Compound IDC00628
BioCyc IDCPD-633
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkGentisic_acid
METLIN ID618
PubChem Compound3469
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17189
References
Synthesis ReferenceMorris, Steward G. Preparation of gentisic acid and its fatty alcohol esters.Journal of the American Chemical Society (1949), 71 2056-7
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available