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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:26:45 UTC
Update Date2020-06-04 20:47:49 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0000210
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00210
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePantothenic acid
Description(R)-Pantothenic acid, also known as vitamin B5 or (R)-pantothenate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as secondary alcohols. Secondary alcohols are compounds containing a secondary alcohol functional group, with the general structure HOC(R)(R') (R,R'=alkyl, aryl) (R)-Pantothenic acid exists as a solid, possibly soluble (in water), and an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa) molecule (R)-Pantothenic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+)-Pantothenic acidChEBI
(R)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutyl)-beta-alanineChEBI
Chick antidermatitis factorChEBI
D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-beta-alanineChEBI
D-(+)-Pantothenic acidChEBI
D-Pantothenic acidChEBI
N-[(2R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanoyl]-beta-alanineChEBI
PANTOTHENOIC ACIDChEBI
Vitamin b5ChEBI
(R)-PantothenateKegg
Pantothen pharmaselectKegg
(+)-PantothenateGenerator
(R)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutyl)-b-alanineGenerator
(R)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutyl)-β-alanineGenerator
D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-b-alanineGenerator
D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-β-alanineGenerator
D-(+)-PantothenateGenerator
D-PantothenateGenerator
N-[(2R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanoyl]-b-alanineGenerator
N-[(2R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanoyl]-β-alanineGenerator
PANTOTHENOateGenerator
(R)-Pantothenic acidGenerator
PantothenateGenerator
b5, VitaminHMDB
Pantothenate, zincHMDB
b 5, VitaminHMDB
Calcium pantothenateHMDB
Pantothenate, calciumHMDB
Vitamin b 5HMDB
DexolHMDB
Zinc pantothenateHMDB
Pantothenic acidChEBI
Chemical FormulaC9H17NO5
Average Molecular Weight219.235
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight219.110672659
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number79-83-4
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H17NO5/c1-9(2,5-11)7(14)8(15)10-4-3-6(12)13/h7,11,14H,3-5H2,1-2H3,(H,10,15)(H,12,13)/t7-/m0/s1
InChI KeyGHOKWGTUZJEAQD-ZETCQYMHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as secondary alcohols. Secondary alcohols are compounds containing a secondary alcohol functional group, with the general structure HOC(R)(R') (R,R'=alkyl, aryl).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassAlcohols and polyols
Direct ParentSecondary alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Polyol
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Exogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Liver
  • Mammary Gland
  • Milk
  • Placenta
  • Prostate Tissue
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
LiverDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Mammary GlandDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Mammary GlandDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified14.596 uMNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
    • Park, Y. W; Juáre...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified15.508 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified15.508 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified16.421 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified16.284 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified16.421 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified15.508 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified15.508 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified15.508 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
    • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
    • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified20.3 +/- 0.3 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified20 +/- 1 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified20 +/- 1 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified20.3 +/- 0.2 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified11 +/- 1 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified13 +/- 1 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified11.2 +/- 0.5 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified12 +/- 3 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
PlacentaExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Prostate TissueExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0000210
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB030151
KNApSAcK IDC00001550
Chemspider ID6361
KEGG Compound IDC00864
BioCyc IDPANTOTHENATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPantothenic_Acid
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6613
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID46905
References
Synthesis ReferenceKataoka, Michihiko; Shimizu, Sakayu; Doi, Yukiko; Yamada, Hideaki. Stereospecific reduction of ethyl 2'-ketopantothenate to ethyl D-(+)-pantothenate with microbial cells as a catalyst. Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1990), 56(11), 3595-7.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Melzer N, Wittenburg D, Hartwig S, Jakubowski S, Kesting U, Willmitzer L, Lisec J, Reinsch N, Repsilber D: Investigating associations between milk metabolite profiles and milk traits of Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci. 2013 Mar;96(3):1521-34. doi: 10.3168/jds.2012-5743. [PubMed:23438684 ]
  2. Mung D, Li L: Development of Chemical Isotope Labeling LC-MS for Milk Metabolomics: Comprehensive and Quantitative Profiling of the Amine/Phenol Submetabolome. Anal Chem. 2017 Apr 18;89(8):4435-4443. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b03737. Epub 2017 Mar 28. [PubMed:28306241 ]
  3. Mung D, Li L: Applying quantitative metabolomics based on chemical isotope labeling LC-MS for detecting potential milk adulterant in human milk. Anal Chim Acta. 2018 Feb 25;1001:78-85. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.019. Epub 2017 Nov 14. [PubMed:29291809 ]
  4. Kurt J. Boudonck, Matthew W. Mitchell, Jacob Wulff and John A. Ryals (2009). Kurt J. Boudonck, Matthew W. Mitchell, Jacob Wulff and John A. Ryals. Characterization of the biochemical variability of bovine milk using metabolomics. Metabolomics (2009) 5:375?386. Metabolomics.
  5. Park, Y. W; Juárez, Manuela ; Ramos, M.; Haenlein, G. F. W. (2007). Park, Y. W; Juárez, Manuela ; Ramos, M.; Haenlein, G. F. W.. Physico-chemical characteristics of goat and sheep milk. Small Ruminant Res.(2007) 68:88-113 doi: 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2006.09.013. Small Ruminant Research.
  6. A. Foroutan et al. (2019). A. Foroutan et al. The Chemical Composition of Commercial Cow's Milk (in preparation). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
  7. Fooddata+, The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) [Link]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in pantetheine hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Amidohydrolase that hydrolyzes specifically one of the carboamide linkages in D-pantetheine thus recycling pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and releasing cysteamine.
Gene Name:
VNN1
Uniprot ID:
Q58CQ9
Molecular weight:
56947.0
Reactions
Pantetheine + Water → Pantothenic acid + Cysteaminedetails