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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:50:44 UTC
Update Date2020-04-22 15:09:38 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0002070
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB02070
Metabolite Identification
Common Name4-Hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid
Description4-Hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid, also known as 2-keto-4-hydroxyglutarate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gamma-keto acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing an aldehyde substituted with a keto group on the C4 carbon atom. 4-Hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to plants to humans. In cattle, 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid is involved in the metabolic pathway called the arginine and proline metabolism pathway. Based on a literature review very few articles have been published on 4-Hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
4-Hydroxy-2-oxoglutarateGenerator
2-Keto-4-hydroxyglutarateMeSH
2-Keto-4-hydroxyglutarate, (+-)-isomerMeSH
(+/-)-2-hydroxy-4-oxopentanedioateHMDB
(+/-)-2-hydroxy-4-oxopentanedioic acidHMDB
2-Hydroxy-4-oxopentanedioateHMDB
2-Hydroxy-4-oxopentanedioic acidHMDB
2-oxo-4-HydroxyglutarateHMDB
4-Hydroxy-2-ketoglutarateHMDB
D-4-Hydroxy-2-ketoglutarateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H6O6
Average Molecular Weight162.0975
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight162.016437924
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number1187-99-1
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H6O6/c6-2(4(8)9)1-3(7)5(10)11/h2,6H,1H2,(H,8,9)(H,10,11)
InChI KeyWXSKVKPSMAHCSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gamma-keto acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing an aldehyde substituted with a keto group on the C4 carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassKeto acids and derivatives
Sub ClassGamma-keto acids and derivatives
Direct ParentGamma-keto acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Gamma-keto acid
  • Short-chain keto acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Alpha-keto acid
  • Beta-hydroxy ketone
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0002070
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022830
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID579
KEGG Compound IDC01127
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID36868
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6471
PubChem Compound599
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID30923
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available