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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:18:36 UTC
Update Date2020-05-19 22:01:20 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0000023
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00023
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid
Description(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid, also known as (S)-3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoate or 3-hydroxy-isobutyrate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as beta hydroxy acids and derivatives. Beta hydroxy acids and derivatives are compounds containing a carboxylic acid substituted with a hydroxyl group on the C3 carbon atom (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa) (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid is a potentially toxic compound (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid, with regard to humans, has been found to be associated with several diseases such as diabetes mellitus type 2, eosinophilic esophagitis, and colorectal cancer; (S)-3-hydroxyisobutyric acid has also been linked to the inborn metabolic disorder 3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acidChEBI
(S)-3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropionic acidChEBI
(S)-3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoateGenerator
(S)-3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropionateGenerator
(S)-3-HydroxyisobutyrateGenerator
2-Methyl-L-(+)-hydracrylateHMDB
2-Methyl-L-(+)-hydracrylic acidHMDB
3-Hydroxy(iso)butyric acidHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-(S)-propanoateHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-(S)-propanoic acidHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoateHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acidHMDB
3-Hydroxy-isobutyrateHMDB
3-HydroxyisobutyrateHMDB
3-Hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
(2S)-3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acidHMDB
(2S)-3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropionic acidHMDB
(S)-beta-Hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
(S)-Β-hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
(±)-3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acidHMDB
(±)-3-hydroxy-2-methylpropionic acidHMDB
2-(Hydroxymethyl)propanoic acidHMDB
2-(Hydroxymethyl)propionic acidHMDB
2-Methyl-3-hydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
2-Methyl-3-hydroxypropionic acidHMDB
3-HIBAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropionic acidHMDB
DL-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
L-(+)-beta-Hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
L-(+)-Β-hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
beta-Hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
Β-hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-isobutyrateHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-isobutyric acidHMDB
(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC4H8O3
Average Molecular Weight104.1045
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight104.047344122
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number2068-83-9
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H8O3/c1-3(2-5)4(6)7/h3,5H,2H2,1H3,(H,6,7)/t3-/m0/s1
InChI KeyDBXBTMSZEOQQDU-VKHMYHEASA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as beta hydroxy acids and derivatives. Beta hydroxy acids and derivatives are compounds containing a carboxylic acid substituted with a hydroxyl group on the C3 carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassHydroxy acids and derivatives
Sub ClassBeta hydroxy acids and derivatives
Direct ParentBeta hydroxy acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0000023
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB021877
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID389707
KEGG Compound IDC06001
BioCyc IDCPD-12175
BiGG ID37034
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID483
PubChem Compound440873
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID37373
References
Synthesis ReferenceRobison, Robert S.; Doremus, Michael G.L-(+)-b-Hydroxyisobutyric acid by fermentation. U.S. (1986), 5 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA (HIBYL-CoA), a saline catabolite. Has high activity toward isobutyryl-CoA. Could be an isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase that functions in valine catabolism. Also hydrolyzes 3-hydroxypropanoyl-CoA (By similarity).
Gene Name:
HIBCH
Uniprot ID:
Q2HJ73
Molecular weight:
43349.0
Reactions
(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid + Coenzyme Adetails
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HIBADH
Uniprot ID:
Q2HJD7
Molecular weight:
35410.0