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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:43:05 UTC
Update Date2020-05-21 16:28:30 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0001252
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB01252
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBetaine aldehyde
DescriptionBetaine aldehyde, also known as BTL, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tetraalkylammonium salts. These are organonitrogen compounds containing a quaternary ammonium substituted with four alkyl chains. Betaine aldehyde is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Betaine aldehyde exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Glycine betaine aldehydeChEBI
(Formylmethyl)trimethyl-ammoniumHMDB
(Formylmethyl)trimethylammoniumHMDB
BTLHMDB
N,N,N-Trimethyl-2-oxo ethanaminiumHMDB
N,N,N-Trimethyl-2-oxo-ethanaminiumHMDB
Trimethyl(formylmethyl)ammoniumHMDB
Betaine aldehydeHMDB
N,N,N-Trimethyl-2-oxoethanaminiumHMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H12NO
Average Molecular Weight102.1549
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight102.091889011
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number7418-61-3
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H12NO/c1-6(2,3)4-5-7/h5H,4H2,1-3H3/q+1
InChI KeySXKNCCSPZDCRFD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tetraalkylammonium salts. These are organonitrogen compounds containing a quaternary ammonium substituted with four alkyl chains.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic nitrogen compounds
ClassOrganonitrogen compounds
Sub ClassQuaternary ammonium salts
Direct ParentTetraalkylammonium salts
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aldehyde
  • Organic cation
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Epidermis
  • Kidney
  • Neuron
  • Placenta
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
EpidermisExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
KidneyExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
NeuronExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
PlacentaExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0001252
DrugBank IDDB04401
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022513
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID244
KEGG Compound IDC00576
BioCyc IDBETAINE_ALDEHYDE
BiGG ID35400
Wikipedia LinkBetaine_aldehyde
METLIN ID278
PubChem Compound249
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15710
References
Synthesis ReferenceCromwell, B. T.; Rennie, S. D. Biosynthesis and metabolism of betaines in plants. II. Biosynthesis of glycinebetaine(betaine) in higher plants. Biochemical Journal (1954), 58 318-22.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Energy production and conversion
Specific function:
Multifunctional enzyme mediating important protective effects. Metabolizes betaine aldehyde to betaine, an important cellular osmolyte and methyl donor. Protects cells from oxidative stress by metabolizing a number of lipid peroxidation-derived aldehydes. Involved in lysine catabolism (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ALDH7A1
Uniprot ID:
Q2KJC9
Molecular weight:
58582.0
Reactions
Betaine aldehyde + NAD + Water → Betaine + NADHdetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
CHDH
Uniprot ID:
E1BES2
Molecular weight:
65518.0
Reactions
Choline + Acceptor → Betaine aldehyde + Reduced acceptordetails