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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:43:08 UTC
Update Date2020-05-21 16:28:28 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0001254
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB01254
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGlucosamine 6-phosphate
DescriptionGlucosamine 6-phosphate, also known as GLCN-6-p or glucose-6-phosphoric acid, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hexose phosphates. These are carbohydrate derivatives containing a hexose substituted by one or more phosphate groups. Glucosamine 6-phosphate is possibly soluble (in water) and a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). Glucosamine 6-phosphate exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Glucosamine 6-phosphate participates in a number of enzymatic reactions, within cattle. In particular, Glucosamine 6-phosphate and acetic acid can be biosynthesized from N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate; which is mediated by the enzyme putative N-acetylglucosamine-6-phosphate deacetylase. In addition, Glucosamine 6-phosphate can be converted into N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate; which is catalyzed by the enzyme glucosamine 6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase. In cattle, glucosamine 6-phosphate is involved in the metabolic pathway called the amino sugar metabolism pathway.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Amino-2-deoxy-6-O-phosphono-alpha-D-glucopyranoseChEBI
alpha-D-Glucosamine 6-(dihydrogen phosphate)ChEBI
2-Amino-2-deoxy-6-O-phosphono-a-D-glucopyranoseGenerator
2-Amino-2-deoxy-6-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranoseGenerator
Glucosamine 6-phosphoric acidGenerator
a-D-Glucosamine 6-(dihydrogen phosphate)Generator
a-D-Glucosamine 6-(dihydrogen phosphoric acid)Generator
alpha-D-Glucosamine 6-(dihydrogen phosphoric acid)Generator
α-D-Glucosamine 6-(dihydrogen phosphate)Generator
α-D-Glucosamine 6-(dihydrogen phosphoric acid)Generator
2-Amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphateHMDB
2-Amino-2-deoxyglucose 6-phosphateHMDB
2-Amino-D-glucose-6-phosphateHMDB
D-Glucosamine 6-phosphateHMDB
D-Glucosamine phosphateHMDB
D-Glucosamine-6-phosphateHMDB
Glucosamine 6 -phosphateHMDB
Glucosamine-6-PHMDB
Glucosamine-6-phosphateHMDB
Glucose-6-phosphorateHMDB
Glucose-6-phosphoric acidHMDB
Phosphoric acid mono-((2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-amino-2,3,4-trihydroxy-6-oxo-hexyl) esterHMDB
GLCN-6-PMeSH, HMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H14NO8P
Average Molecular Weight259.151
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight259.045702941
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R,6S)-5-amino-3,4,6-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameα-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate
CAS Registry Number3616-42-0
SMILES
N[C@H]1[C@@H](O)O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H14NO8P/c7-3-5(9)4(8)2(15-6(3)10)1-14-16(11,12)13/h2-6,8-10H,1,7H2,(H2,11,12,13)/t2-,3-,4-,5-,6+/m1/s1
InChI KeyXHMJOUIAFHJHBW-UKFBFLRUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hexose phosphates. These are carbohydrate derivatives containing a hexose substituted by one or more phosphate groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentHexose phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hexose phosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Amino saccharide
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Oxane
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Hemiacetal
  • 1,2-diol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Amine
  • Primary amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Lysosome
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-2.6ALOGPS
logP-4.2ChemAxon
logS-0.87ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.23ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area162.7 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity48.45 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability21.42 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-052b-9320000000-54466a568e39d51598c7View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0ik9-3912400000-c198d10e982d681785edView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-0970000000-095ba413dfd29c80b445View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-053r-9500000000-e4e82ba86236d6046d0dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9000000000-bd232a0933f76298e943View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-03di-0190000000-778d1a36aaf5c9b3c846View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Positivesplash10-08i0-1690000000-f08f9e49e698f1aa134dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-002b-9010000000-8a6a96ec67621a842ce8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-002b-9010000000-8a6a96ec67621a842ce8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-03di-0190000000-280711606909adbb8814View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-08i0-1690000000-f08f9e49e698f1aa134dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0490000000-818ec0fe39e531f561a4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03dj-9850000000-40bb2cfef099c426fcbfView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0kmj-9500000000-9bb59bf1855e5fa76305View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0699-8950000000-68f380f4fab22160c728View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9110000000-4f7a2c18e5b29f9e6076View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-6fc65d9a14f58d847a4fView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Lysosome
Biospecimen Locations
  • Epidermis
  • Milk
  • Placenta
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
EpidermisExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
PlacentaExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0001254
DrugBank IDDB02657
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022515
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388356
KEGG Compound IDC00352
BioCyc IDD-GLUCOSAMINE-6-P
BiGG ID34709
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6111
PubChem Compound439217
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15873
References
Synthesis ReferenceCacioppo, F.; Pandolfo, L.; Arena, E. Synthesis of glucosamine 6-phosphate in tissues of rachitic rats. Giorn. Biochim. (1964), 13(4), 249-55.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Mung D, Li L: Applying quantitative metabolomics based on chemical isotope labeling LC-MS for detecting potential milk adulterant in human milk. Anal Chim Acta. 2018 Feb 25;1001:78-85. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.019. Epub 2017 Nov 14. [PubMed:29291809 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis
Specific function:
Controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. Most likely involved in regulating the availability of precursors for N- and O-linked glycosylation of proteins (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GFPT2
Uniprot ID:
Q08DQ2
Molecular weight:
77081.0
Reactions
Fructose 6-phosphate + L-Glutamine → Glucosamine 6-phosphate + L-Glutamic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the phosphorylation of various hexoses, such as D-glucose, D-glucosamine, D-fructose, D-mannose and 2-deoxy-D-glucose, to hexose 6-phosphate (D-glucose 6-phosphate, D-glucosamine 6-phosphate, D-fructose 6-phosphate, D-mannose 6-phosphate and 2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphate, respectively). Does not phosphorylate N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (By similarity). Mediates the initial step of glycolysis by catalyzing phosphorylation of D-glucose to D-glucose 6-phosphate (By similarity). Involved in innate immunity and inflammation by acting as a pattern recognition receptor for bacterial peptidoglycan. When released in the cytosol, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine component of bacterial peptidoglycan inhibits the hexokinase activity of HK1 and causes its dissociation from mitochondrial outer membrane, thereby activating the NLRP3 inflammasome (By similarity).
Gene Name:
HK1
Uniprot ID:
P27595
Molecular weight:
103064.0
Reactions
Glucosamine + Adenosine triphosphate → Glucosamine 6-phosphate + ADPdetails
General function:
Carbohydrate transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GNPDA2
Uniprot ID:
Q17QL1
Molecular weight:
31165.0
General function:
Carbohydrate transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes the N-glycolyl group from N-glycolylglucosamine 6-phosphate (GlcNGc-6-P) in the N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) degradation pathway.
Gene Name:
AMDHD2
Uniprot ID:
A7MBC0
Molecular weight:
43496.0
Reactions
N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine 6-Phosphate + Water → Glucosamine 6-phosphate + Acetic aciddetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Seems to trigger calcium oscillations in mammalian eggs. These oscillations serve as the essential trigger for egg activation and early development of the embryo (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GNPDA1
Uniprot ID:
A4FV08
Molecular weight:
32580.0
Reactions
Glucosamine 6-phosphate + Water → Fructose 6-phosphate + Ammoniadetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GNPNAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q08DV2
Molecular weight:
20776.0
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Glucosamine 6-phosphate → N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine 6-Phosphate + Coenzyme Adetails