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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:19:56 UTC
Update Date2020-05-19 22:01:34 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0000128
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00128
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGuanidoacetic acid
DescriptionGuanidoacetic acid, also known as guanidoacetic acid or Guanidoacetic acid, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids and derivatives. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon), or a derivative thereof. Guanidoacetic acid is possibly soluble (in water) and a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). Guanidoacetic acid exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Guanidoacetic acid participates in a number of enzymatic reactions, within cattle. In particular, Guanidoacetic acid and orotidylic acid can be biosynthesized from glycine and L-arginine through the action of the enzyme glycine amidinotransferase, mitochondrial. In addition, Guanidoacetic acid and S-adenosylhomocysteine can be converted into S-adenosylmethionine and creatine; which is mediated by the enzyme guanidoacetic acid N-methyltransferase. In cattle, guanidoacetic acid is involved in the metabolic pathway called the glycine and serine metabolism pathway. Guanidoacetic acid is a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
GlycocyamineChEBI
GuanidinoacetateChEBI
N-(Carbamimidoyl)glycineChEBI
N-[Amino(imino)methyl]glycineChEBI
N-AmidinoglycineChEBI
Guanidinoacetic acidKegg
GuanidoacetateGenerator
(Carboxymethyl)-guanidineHMDB
2-[[Amino(imino)methyl]amino]acetateHMDB
2-[[Amino(imino)methyl]amino]acetic acidHMDB
a-GuanidinoacetateHMDB
a-Guanidinoacetic acidHMDB
alpha-GuanidinoacetateHMDB
alpha-Guanidinoacetic acidHMDB
b-GuanidinoacetateHMDB
b-Guanidinoacetic acidHMDB
beta-GuanidinoacetateHMDB
beta-Guanidinoacetic acidHMDB
BetacyamineHMDB
BetasyamineHMDB
GuanidineacetateHMDB
Guanidineacetic acidHMDB
GuanidylacetateHMDB
Guanidylacetic acidHMDB
Guanyl glycineHMDB
N-Amidino-glycineHMDB
[(Aminoiminomethyl)amino]-acetateHMDB
[(Aminoiminomethyl)amino]-acetic acidHMDB
Glycocyamine, 2-(14)C-labeledHMDB
Glycocyamine, ion (1-)HMDB
Glycocyamine monohydrochlorideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H7N3O2
Average Molecular Weight117.1066
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight117.053826483
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number352-97-6
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H7N3O2/c4-3(5)6-1-2(7)8/h1H2,(H,7,8)(H4,4,5,6)
InChI KeyBPMFZUMJYQTVII-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids and derivatives. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon), or a derivative thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAlpha amino acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Guanidine
  • Carboximidamide
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Imine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility3.6 mg/mL at 15 °CNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Brain
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Mammary Gland
  • Placenta
  • Ruminal Fluid
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
BrainExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
KidneyExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
LiverExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Mammary GlandDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Mammary GlandDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
PlacentaExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Ruminal FluidDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0000128
DrugBank IDDB02751
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB005417
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID743
KEGG Compound IDC00581
BioCyc IDGUANIDOACETIC_ACID
BiGG ID1594816
Wikipedia LinkGlycocyamine
METLIN ID5163
PubChem Compound763
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16344
References
Synthesis ReferenceThalhammer, Franz; Gastner, Thomas. Preparation of creatine, creatine monohydrate and guanidinoacetic acid. Ger. Offen. (2007), 5pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in guanidinoacetate N-methyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Converts guanidinoacetate to creatine, using S-adenosylmethionine as the methyl donor. Important in nervous system development.
Gene Name:
GAMT
Uniprot ID:
Q2TBQ3
Molecular weight:
26610.0
Reactions
S-Adenosylmethionine + Guanidoacetic acid → S-Adenosylhomocysteine + Creatinedetails
Guanidoacetic acid + S-Adenosylhomocysteine → S-Adenosylmethionine + Creatinedetails
General function:
Amino acid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Catalyzes the biosynthesis of guanidinoacetate, the immediate precursor of creatine. Creatine plays a vital role in energy metabolism in muscle tissues. May play a role in embryonic and central nervous system development (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GATM
Uniprot ID:
Q2HJ74
Molecular weight:
48357.0
Reactions
L-Arginine + Glycine → Ornithine + Guanidoacetic aciddetails
Glycine + L-Arginine → Guanidoacetic acid + Orotidylic aciddetails