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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 23:05:38 UTC
Update Date2020-06-04 20:41:06 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0003638
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB03638
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCadmium
DescriptionCadmium, also known as CD(2+) or cadmium ion, belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as homogeneous transition metal compounds. These are inorganic compounds containing only metal atoms,with the largest atom being a transition metal atom. Cadmium exists as a solid, possibly soluble (in water), and possibly neutral molecule. Cadmium exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. In cattle, cadmium is involved in the metabolic pathway called cadmium induces dna synthesis and proliferation in macrophages pathway. Cadmium is formally rated as a carcinogen (by IARC 1) and is also a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
CADMIUM ionChEBI
Cadmium, ion (CD2+)ChEBI
CD(2+)ChEBI
CD2+ChEBI
Cadmium atomHMDB
Cadmium elementalHMDB
Cadmium metallicumHMDB
CdHMDB
Colloidal cadmiumHMDB
KadmiumHMDB
Chemical FormulaCd
Average Molecular Weight112.411
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight113.903358121
IUPAC Namecadmium(2+) ion
Traditional Namecadmium(2+) ion
CAS Registry Number7440-43-9
SMILES
[Cd++]
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/Cd/q+2
InChI KeyWLZRMCYVCSSEQC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as homogeneous transition metal compounds. These are inorganic compounds containing only metal atoms,with the largest atom being a transition metal atom.
KingdomInorganic compounds
Super ClassHomogeneous metal compounds
ClassHomogeneous transition metal compounds
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentHomogeneous transition metal compounds
Alternative ParentsNot Available
Substituents
  • Homogeneous transition metal
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Exogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point321 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-0.07ChemAxon
Physiological Charge2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity0 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability1.78 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-c6c3e3d7e513c880c7f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-c6c3e3d7e513c880c7f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-c6c3e3d7e513c880c7f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-f8713a66369086ec0ad5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-f8713a66369086ec0ad5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-f8713a66369086ec0ad5View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Milk
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
MilkDetected and Quantified0.00890 - 0.867 uMNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.0154 uMNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
    • Sola-Larrañaga C....
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.00187 - 0.0154 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.1 +/- 0.1 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.5 +/- 0.1 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.1 +/- 0.1 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.4 +/- 0.3 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.00890 - 0.0445 uMNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
    • Semaghiul Birghil...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.00374 +/- 0.000356 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
    • Patricia Cava-Mon...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.0210 +/- 0.000890 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
    • Patricia Cava-Mon...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.00463 +/- 0.000178 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
    • Patricia Cava-Mon...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.0214 +/- 0.00178 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
    • Patricia Cava-Mon...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.00190 +/- 0.0000534 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
    • Patricia Cava-Mon...
details
MilkDetected and Quantified0.00596 +/- 0.000445 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
    • Patricia Cava-Mon...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Fatal bovine respiratory disease
details
HMDB IDHMDB0003638
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB030717
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID28935
KEGG Compound IDC01413
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkCadmium
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound31193
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID48775
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Jeng SL, Lee SJ, Lin SY: Determination of cadmium and lead in raw milk by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometer. J Dairy Sci. 1994 Apr;77(4):945-9. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(94)77030-2. [PubMed:8201052 ]
  2. Najarnezhad V, Jalilzadeh-Amin G, Anassori E, Zeinali V: Lead and cadmium in raw buffalo, cow and ewe milk from west Azerbaijan, Iran. Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill. 2015;8(2):123-7. doi: 10.1080/19393210.2015.1007396. Epub 2015 Mar 25. [PubMed:25588978 ]
  3. Semaghiul Birghila, Simona Dobrinas, Gabriela Stanciu and Alina Soceanu (2008). Semaghiul Birghila, Simona Dobrinas, Gabriela Stanciu and Alina Soceanu. Determination of major and minor elements in milk through ICP-AES. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal. November/December 2008, Vol.7, No.6, 805-808. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal.
  4. A. Foroutan et al. (2019). A. Foroutan et al. The Chemical Composition of Commercial Cow's Milk (in preparation). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
  5. Patricia Cava-Montesinos, M. Luisa Cervera Agustín Pastor Miguel de la Guardia (2005). Patricia Cava-Montesinos, M. Luisa Cervera Agustín Pastor Miguel de la Guardia. 2005. Room temperature acid sonication ICP-MS multielemental analysis of milk.Analytica Chimica Acta Volume 531, Issue 1, Pages 111-123. Analytica Chimica Acta.
  6. Cristina Sola-Larrañaga, Iñigo Navarro-Blasco (2009). Sola-Larrañaga C., Navarro-Blasco I. 2009. Chemometric analysis of minerals and trace elements in raw cow milk from the community of Navarra, Spain. Volume 112, Issue 1, Pages 189-196. Food Chemistry.

Enzymes

General function:
Nucleotide transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Cleaves P(1)-P(3)-bis(5'-adenosyl) triphosphate (Ap3A) to yield AMP and ADP. Can also hydrolyze P(1)-P(4)-bis(5'-adenosyl) tetraphosphate (Ap4A), but has extremely low activity with ATP. Modulates transcriptional activation by CTNNB1 and thereby contributes to regulate the expression of genes essential for cell proliferation and survival, such as CCND1 and BIRC5. Plays a role in the induction of apoptosis via SRC and AKT1 signaling pathways. Inhibits MDM2-mediated proteasomal degradation of p53/TP53 and thereby plays a role in p53/TP53-mediated apoptosis. Induction of apoptosis depends on the ability of FHIT to bind P(1)-P(3)-bis(5'-adenosyl) triphosphate or related compounds, but does not require its catalytic activity. Functions as tumor suppressor (By similarity).
Gene Name:
FHIT
Uniprot ID:
Q1KZG4
Molecular weight:
16951.0
General function:
Involved in cadmium ion binding
Specific function:
Metallothioneins have a high content of cysteine residues that bind various heavy metals; these proteins are transcriptionally regulated by both heavy metals and glucocorticoids.
Gene Name:
MT1
Uniprot ID:
P58280
Molecular weight:
5992.0