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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:46:35 UTC
Update Date2020-05-21 16:28:42 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0001484
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB01484
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAcetoacetyl-CoA
DescriptionAcetoacetyl-CoA belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aminopiperidines. Aminopiperidines are compounds containing a piperidine that carries an amino group. Acetoacetyl-CoA is a strong basic compound (based on its pKa).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Acetoacetyl-CoAChEBI
Acetoacetyl coenzyme AChEBI
S-Acetoacetyl-CoAChEBI
S-Acetoacetyl-coenzym aChEBI
S-Acetoacetyl-coenzyme AChEBI
Acetoacetyl CoAMeSH
Chemical FormulaC25H40N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight851.607
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight851.136337737
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(3-oxobutanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameacetoacetyl-coa
CAS Registry Number1420-36-6
SMILES
CC(=O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C25H40N7O18P3S/c1-13(33)8-16(35)54-7-6-27-15(34)4-5-28-23(38)20(37)25(2,3)10-47-53(44,45)50-52(42,43)46-9-14-19(49-51(39,40)41)18(36)24(48-14)32-12-31-17-21(26)29-11-30-22(17)32/h11-12,14,18-20,24,36-37H,4-10H2,1-3H3,(H,27,34)(H,28,38)(H,42,43)(H,44,45)(H2,26,29,30)(H2,39,40,41)/t14-,18-,19-,20+,24-/m1/s1
InChI KeyOJFDKHTZOUZBOS-CITAKDKDSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aminopiperidines. Aminopiperidines are compounds containing a piperidine that carries an amino group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassPiperidines
Sub ClassAminopiperidines
Direct ParentAminopiperidines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 4-aminopiperidine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Azacycle
  • Secondary amine
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Exogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cell membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
  • Peroxisome
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-0.37ALOGPS
logP-5.7ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.01ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area380.7 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity182.1 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability76.33 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-000i-0004009000-9559fa356f1bae03b7caView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-0a4i-0269300000-d5574d3fd84812c0057dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-05n1-0009600000-a29b94fc4d454c655babView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-000i-0001209000-21979fdba010c3871c5aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 42V, negativesplash10-0udi-0000000090-aa1f97ad009df4ad9439View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 57V, negativesplash10-0udi-0000100490-97b56edeb43a5d82ba85View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 71V, negativesplash10-014i-0000910830-9d7a9bb5d2817f98fbf1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 93V, negativesplash10-0ar9-0101901000-ee3c1d5ebb3142f3c5afView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 115V, negativesplash10-0a6r-5524900000-2d745cfa452462059e2cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 136V, negativesplash10-056r-9513200000-037d88669e973d0dff1cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 158V, negativesplash10-004i-9400000000-fca9f3020e4e007e8164View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 187V, negativesplash10-004i-9300000000-13ad94b2682d99b6234dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 216V, negativesplash10-004i-9200000000-32dfa0b8d343e2eb7b7bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 260V, negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-6461ef6280ce0db781b2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-014i-0000000900-727bb0c3c925e7bbeba4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-00di-0190000000-0e093fb5398057b2093dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-b4c90f8c858e783159b8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-0udl-0018900000-91aaf6888a10aac16f57View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 59V, negativesplash10-00xr-0092000000-2dd3c44dfb7a39ee9a59View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912000130-163ca7231778bddd9739View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0913000000-4f4f26abcf9b0d9f285eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2911000000-cc9acdeb298fa6ebbdb7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-9730140350-cefdc8a0886f8e9e2b86View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-5910110010-51e3282fd98f872b9ff5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-4a6e405bfbd488ea01d4View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cell membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
  • Peroxisome
Biospecimen Locations
  • Fibroblasts
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FibroblastsExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0001484
DrugBank IDDB03059
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022648
KNApSAcK IDC00007269
Chemspider ID83198
KEGG Compound IDC00332
BioCyc IDACETOACETYL-COA
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkAcetoacetyl-CoA
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound92153
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15345
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
This enzyme condenses acetyl-CoA with acetoacetyl-CoA to form HMG-CoA, which is the substrate for HMG-CoA reductase.
Gene Name:
HMGCS2
Uniprot ID:
Q2KIE6
Molecular weight:
56895.0
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Acetoacetyl-CoA + Water → 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA + Coenzyme Adetails
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
In the production of energy from fats, this is one of the enzymes that catalyzes the last step of the mitochondrial beta-oxidation pathway, an aerobic process breaking down fatty acids into acetyl-CoA. Using free coenzyme A/CoA, catalyzes the thiolytic cleavage of medium- to long-chain unbranched 3-oxoacyl-CoAs into acetyl-CoA and a fatty acyl-CoA shortened by two carbon atoms. Also catalyzes the condensation of two acetyl-CoA molecules into acetoacetyl-CoA and could be involved in the production of ketone bodies. Also displays hydrolase activity on various fatty acyl-CoAs (By similarity). Thereby, could be responsible for the production of acetate in a side reaction to beta-oxidation (By similarity). Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
Q3T0R7
Molecular weight:
42131.0
Reactions
Coenzyme A + Acetoacetyl-CoA →2 Acetyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
This is one of the enzymes that catalyzes the last step of the mitochondrial beta-oxidation pathway, an aerobic process breaking down fatty acids into acetyl-CoA. Using free coenzyme A/CoA, catalyzes the thiolytic cleavage of medium- to long-chain 3-oxoacyl-CoAs into acetyl-CoA and a fatty acyl-CoA shortened by two carbon atoms. The activity of the enzyme is reversible and it can also catalyze the condensation of two acetyl-CoA molecules into acetoacetyl-CoA. Thereby, it plays a major role in ketone body metabolism.
Gene Name:
ACAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q29RZ0
Molecular weight:
44889.0
Reactions
2 Acetyl-CoA → Acetoacetyl-CoA + Coenzyme Adetails
Coenzyme A + Acetoacetyl-CoA →2 Acetyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACSS2
Uniprot ID:
A7YWF1
Molecular weight:
78734.0
Reactions
Acetoacetyl-CoA + Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate → Acetyl adenylate + Acetaldehyde + Adenosine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Key enzyme for ketone body catabolism. Transfers the CoA moiety from succinate to acetoacetate. Formation of the enzyme-CoA intermediate proceeds via an unstable anhydride species formed between the carboxylate groups of the enzyme and substrate.
Gene Name:
OXCT1
Uniprot ID:
Q24JZ7
Molecular weight:
56453.0
Reactions
Acetoacetic acid + Succinyl-CoA → Succinic acid + Acetoacetyl-CoAdetails
Acetoacetic acid + Succinyl-CoA → Acetoacetyl-CoA + Succinic aciddetails