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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:44:58 UTC
Update Date2020-05-21 16:28:46 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0001375
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB01375
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA
Description3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA, also known as hydroxymethylglutaroyl coenzyme A or HMG-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as (s)-3-hydroxy-3-alkylglutaryl coas. These are 3-hydroxy-3-alkylglutaryl-CoAs where the 3-hydroxy-3-alkylglutaryl component has (S)-configuration. Thus, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(3S)-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme AChEBI
(S)-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoAChEBI
(S)-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme AChEBI
HMG-CoAChEBI
HMG-coenzyme AChEBI
Hydroxymethylglutaroyl coenzyme AChEBI
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoAChEBI
(3S)-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoAHMDB
(S)-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme AHMDB
Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoAHMDB
Hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme AHMDB
beta-Hydroxy-beta-methylglutaryl CoAHMDB
beta-Hydroxy-beta-methylglutaryl-CoAHMDB
beta-Hydroxy-beta-methylglutaryl-coenzyme AHMDB
Β-hydroxy-β-methylglutaryl CoAHMDB
Β-hydroxy-β-methylglutaryl-CoAHMDB
Β-hydroxy-β-methylglutaryl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoAChEBI, KEGG
Chemical FormulaC27H44N7O20P3S
Average Molecular Weight911.659
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight911.157467109
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number1553-55-5
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H44N7O20P3S/c1-26(2,21(40)24(41)30-5-4-15(35)29-6-7-58-17(38)9-27(3,42)8-16(36)37)11-51-57(48,49)54-56(46,47)50-10-14-20(53-55(43,44)45)19(39)25(52-14)34-13-33-18-22(28)31-12-32-23(18)34/h12-14,19-21,25,39-40,42H,4-11H2,1-3H3,(H,29,35)(H,30,41)(H,36,37)(H,46,47)(H,48,49)(H2,28,31,32)(H2,43,44,45)/t14-,19-,20-,21+,25-,27+/m1/s1
InChI KeyCABVTRNMFUVUDM-VRHQGPGLSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as (s)-3-hydroxy-3-alkylglutaryl coas. These are 3-hydroxy-3-alkylglutaryl-CoAs where the 3-hydroxy-3-alkylglutaryl component has (S)-configuration.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent(S)-3-hydroxy-3-alkylglutaryl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Fatty amide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxamide group
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Exogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cell membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
  • Peroxisome
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cell membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
  • Peroxisome
Biospecimen Locations
  • Adrenal Gland
  • Fibroblasts
  • Intestine
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
Adrenal GlandExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
FibroblastsExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
IntestineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0001375
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB030158
KNApSAcK IDC00007270
Chemspider ID392859
KEGG Compound IDC00356
BioCyc ID3-HYDROXY-3-METHYL-GLUTARYL-COA
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound445127
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15467
References
Synthesis ReferenceWilliamson I P; Rodwell V W Isolation and purification of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A by ion-exchange chromatography. Journal of lipid research (1981), 22(1), 184-7.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
This enzyme condenses acetyl-CoA with acetoacetyl-CoA to form HMG-CoA, which is the substrate for HMG-CoA reductase.
Gene Name:
HMGCS2
Uniprot ID:
Q2KIE6
Molecular weight:
56895.0
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Acetoacetyl-CoA + Water → 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA + Coenzyme Adetails
General function:
Amino acid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Mitochondrial 3-hydroxymethyl-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase that catalyzes a cation-dependent cleavage of (S)-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA into acetyl-CoA and acetoacetate, a key step in ketogenesis. Terminal step in leucine catabolism. Ketone bodies (beta-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate and acetone) are essential as an alternative source of energy to glucose, as lipid precursors and as regulators of metabolism.
Gene Name:
HMGCL
Uniprot ID:
Q29448
Molecular weight:
34168.0
Reactions
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA → Acetoacetic acid + Acetyl-CoAdetails
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA → Acetyl-CoAdetails
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA → Acetoacetic aciddetails
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Transmembrane glycoprotein that is the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis as well as in the biosynthesis of nonsterol isoprenoids that are essential for normal cell function including ubiquinone and geranylgeranyl proteins.
Gene Name:
HMGCR
Uniprot ID:
A7Z064
Molecular weight:
97727.0
Reactions
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA + NADPH → Mevalonic acid + NADP + Coenzyme Adetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ECHDC2
Uniprot ID:
Q2TBT3
Molecular weight:
31604.0
Reactions
3-Methylglutaconyl-CoA + Water → 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoAdetails